Great selection of enchanting Wisteria Trees. The scented flowers create long racemes of flowing colour that moves beautifully in the breeze. Some racemes have been known to grow to 1 metre in length! Flower colours range from soft whites and pinks to vibrant cerise and deep purple. Plant these wonderful climbers along sunny walls or over garden pergolas.
Wisteria are woody climbing trees that can be trained along walls or arches and are popular for their abundance of colourful summer flowers which appear in fragrant pendants. Wisteria are easy to grow and tolerant of poor soils although they do prefer a moist, well-drained site. As long as they’re in full sun they will thrive. Wisteria has nitrogen fixing properties and should not be treated with nitrogen based fertilisers. Instead, use a phosphate or potassium based fertiliser.
There is some controversy surrounding the origin of the name Wisteria (also spelt wistaria or wysteria). Botanist Thomas Nuttall states he named it after Dr C Wistar and that the difference in spelling is due to euphony (sound pleasantness). However, other sources state it is named after Nuttall’s friend C.J Wister.
Wisteria is native to eastern U.S, China, Korea and Japan. Wisteria has been bred in Japan and China for over 2000 years and was first introduced to the U.S in the 1830s. An easy way to distinguish between Chinese and Japanese Wisteria is by the direction of their twining vines. Chinese Wisteria, Wisteria sinsensis, twines clockwise whereas Japanese Wisteria, Wisteria floribunda, twines counter clockwise.
Wisteria plants can grow as tall as 20m and require strong support from either a tree, pergola or wall. The largest wisteria vine is in California and measure 1 acre in size and weighs 250 tonnes!
The largest Wisteria in the U.K can be found in Wickham Place Farm in Essex. Trained along a wall it stretches for over 75 metres! One of the oldest wisterias in the U.K is situated in Wrest Park, Bedfordshire and is thought to be approximately 150 years old.
The Kawachia Fuji Gardens, just outside of Tokyo, boasts over 150 wisteria plants with a wisteria tunnel showcasing a variety of these flowering climbers trained over a long, snaking archway. The Fuji Matsuri Wisteria festival is held here every April.