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Tree Forms Explained

Form refers to the shape of the tree, defined by the pruning that it has received. All our trees have received formative pruning pertinent to the species and form described below.

Please note, on product pages there is a table showing what specifications are available. The photos can be used as a guideline, but all plants are unique and will vary slightly.

Single Stem Tree

Classic shaped tree with a single stem that has had pruning to help create a beautiful, natural shape for the species. It is one of our most popular forms.

Top Grafted Tree

A tree that has been top grafted will have a height noted next to the form that refers to the length of the clear stem (i.e. before the branches start). The clear stem will not grow any taller, only the head of branches will develop. Top grafted trees are ideal for smaller gardens or patios.


Feathered Tree

A feathered tree has branches from the bottom of the trunk all the way up. These branches can be removed if a clear stem is required.

Multi Stem Tree

A multi-stem tree has two or more stems arising from or near ground level, growing from one root system. Trees with decorative bark, such as white birch, are often grown this way to give maximum bark appreciation.


On our website a bush means a plant with many stems low down, rather than one singular clear stem.

Standard Tree

A more mature tree with a clear stem of approximately 1.8m-2.0m (measured from the soil to the lowest branches), which then supports a branched crown. Standards are available in various forms relating to their girth size (circumference of the stem measured 1m above soil level). Any heights given are only a guide.

Starter or Maiden Tree

A starter tree, also known as a maiden, is a tree that hasn't had any formal pruning and will be quite whip-like. This form is usually applied to 1 year old trees.



Several plants in one pot that can give the appearance of a multi stemmed and very bushy tree.


A plant that is a natural climber and will be delivered usually running up a bamboo cane, ready to position in the garden.