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Oak Trees | Quercus Trees

Quercus is a large genus of trees and shrubs, approximately 600 species. They can be deciduous or evergreen and produce flowers in the form of catkins.

Found across the world in North America, China, Mexico and Europe, Oak trees are a common feature amongst many landscapes. The ancient oak tree, or common oak, Quercus robur is the one most people recognise. From climbing oak trees as children to admiring them over the years, Oak trees have dominated our countryside.

Both the male and female catkins are produced on the same tree and the fruit, which is a nut, is known as an acorn.

 

Cultivation of Oak trees

Oak wood is extremely dense, hard and strong. It is resistant to insect and fungal disease and has a high tannin content. These qualities, along with the attractive grain markings, mean it has been popularly cultivated for many different uses. Including:

  • Since the middle ages it has been a sought after wood used for prestigious buildings including the House of Commons in London.
  • Up until the 19th century it was used to make ships and is today used for making flooring and timber frame buildings
  • It is used for oak barrels for wine and spirits. The barrels add flavour and texture to the drink they contain and different types of oak bring out different attributes in the beverages.
  • Oak chips are used for smoking fish, meat and cheese
  • Japanese oak is used to make yamaha drum sets

 

Oak trees throughout history

Known as the King of Trees, oak trees have punctuated our countryside for as long as we can remember. They have been a symbol for wisdom and strength and have played a large role in folklore. It was thought that unless church pews were made from oak, your prayers would not be heard.

There are many famous Oak trees around the world, admired for their height and age. Famous oak trees include: the Bowthorpe tree in Bowthorpe, Lincolnshire which is thought to be 1000 years old and the Minchenden tree in Southgate, London, consider the largest oak tree in England with a girth of 27ft.

Ornamental tree Nurseries have a wonderful, award winning selection of Oak trees, including the traditional common oak, red oak, variegated oak and the evergreen oak tree. 

For more information on which oak tree is best for you, please contact our knowledgeable Sales and Service team.

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