Plums, Gages and Damsons all bear the same type of fruit, but they differ in taste and size. We offer a good range of Plum, Gage and Damson trees, with nearly all of them being self-fertile so do not require a pollination partner. We offer each variety of these fruit trees on a choice of rootstocks, so you can choose the most suitable size for the location.
Gage, Damson and Plum trees are all part of the same genus Prunus within the family Rosaceae. There are over 300 different types of plum, with European plum (Prunus domestica) and Japanese plum (Prunus salicina), being the highest selling varieties worldwide. Plant in sunny, sheltered, warm gardens with a well-drained, chalky or loamy soil for the best results.
Plum, gage and damson all bear the same basic type of fruit but the taste differs between the three, ranging from sweet to tart, often with sweet plums being used for eating fresh and the more tart varieties used in jams or for other culinary purposes. Plums are the largest of the three and are usually soft-fleshed, whereas gages are smaller, often a yellow or green colour, and have a more rounded shape and sweet flavour. Damsons are a hardier fruit and have a spicy, tart flavour that makes excellent jam.
Plum remains have been found on archaeological sites belonging to the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age) and have been mentioned in writing dating back as far as 479 B.C. Plums are thought to have been one of the first fruits cultivated by humans.
The juice from these fruits can be fermented into plum wine and Damson wine was once quite common in England.
China is the world's largest producer of plums and the plum blossom, or meihua in Chinese, is considered a traditional floral emblem of China.