Plums, Gages and Damsons all bear the same type of fruit, but they differ in taste and size. We offer a good range of Plum, Gage and Damson trees, with nearly all of them being self-fertile so do not require a pollination partner. We offer each variety of these fruit trees on a choice of rootstocks, so you can choose the most suitable size for the location.
Whilst Gage, Damson and Plum trees are closely related and all bear the same basic type of stone fruit, the fruits do have characteristics that differ between them.
Plums are the largest fruit of the three, are usually soft-fleshed and vary in sweetness, Sweet plums, such as Opal, are used for eating fresh and the more tart varieties, such as Czar, are used for culinary purposes including puddings and jams.
Gages are smaller than plums, often with a yellow or green colour and more rounded shape. Gages have a sweet flavour that makes most varieties recommended as either eating or dual-purpose fruits. Damsons are a hardier fruit and have a spicy, tart flavour that makes excellent jam or sauce.
Our pot grown plum trees can be planted at any time of year. Plant in sunny, sheltered, warm gardens with a well-drained, chalky or loamy soil for the best results. When planting several plum trees, space them approximately 3 metres apart. Adding rootgrow at the time of planting will aid establishment and for the first 18 months they require a stake for support, unless they are being espalier or fan trained.
Once planted, establish a good watering regime and increase watering if there are extended periods of hot or dry weather. It is recommended to keep the area free of competing weeds and grass for the first few growing seasons. Ensure a healthy, balanced shape develops by pruning your plum tree for the first few years after planting.
Gage, Damson and Plum trees are all part of the same genus, Prunus, within the family Rosaceae. Plums are thought to have been one of the first fruits cultivated by humans and remains have been found on archaeological sites belonging to the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age), as well as being mentioned in writing dating back as far as 479 B.C.
Plum trees are grown on every continent with the exception of Antarctica. There are over 300 different types of plum, with European plum (Prunus domestica) and Japanese plum (Prunus salicina), being the highest selling varieties worldwide. China is the world's largest producer of plums and the plum blossom, or meihua in Chinese, is considered a traditional floral emblem of China.