A beautiful ornamental tree with glossy, mid-green foliage that turns striking shades of orange, red and yellow in the autumn. Nyssa sylvatica grows in a symmetrical, conical shape spreading to 5 x 4 metres in 20 years so it never gets too big for most situations. This attractive tree will grow in most well-drained soils in a sheltered position in full or partial sun. The Black Gum tree is definitely a great choice where autumn colour is a must. A lovely choice that rivals Japanese Maples but with greater scale (whilst remaining a small tree) and better suited to damper conditions.
Introduced to the Netherlands from eastern North America approximately 1747 and added to many European gardens over the following centuries. Tupelo trees are often found in the wild in wetter areas, even close to streams where the water reflects the spectacular hues of its blazing foliage. It is therefore well suited to moist (but well drained) soils although it will tolerate standing in water for short periods.
Nyssa sylvatica prefers acidic soils including heavy clay but will grow in neutral to slightly alkaline/chalky conditions. On drier soils, keep well watered in dry spells and keep young trees irrigated during establishment. The black gum tree is good in partial shade as well as open situations. It is largely pest and disease free and is low maintenance with little pruning needed on this relatively slow growing tree.
AKA Black gum tree, Tupelo tree, Black tupelo tree, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Beetlebung
When planting Nyssa trees it is important to prepare the planting area well. Pot grown Nyssa trees can be planted at any time of the year. You will need to carry out the following to prepare your planting site. Firstly, remove all weeds and grass within a metre of your desired planting hole then dig a hole as deep as your root mass and approximately 2x as wide. We recommend digging a square hole as this encourages the roots to grow straight as opposed to around, inside the hole. To help your tree establish more effectively, we advise applying root grow (sprinkle in the hole for pot grown trees), especially if you have poor soil. Gently loosen the roots and place into the planting hole.
If your soil is poor, mix 50% of the original soil with 50% high quality compost, fill in the hole and firm around gently. Make sure not to bank the soil up around the collar of the tree as this can cause problems. We recommend planting any ornamental tree with a stake and tie, to see how to use a tree stake and tie, watch our informational how to videos.
If you’re planting in dry weather, water well and regularly for the first few months. The same goes for spring and summer planting. Make sure to keep an eye on your young tree and increase watering if there are extended periods of hot or dry weather. If you’re planting in autumn, you may only need to water your tree a little. We also stock a range of irrigation kits, suitable for a variety of planting schemes.
Once planted, it is important to keep the area free of competing weeds and grass for the first couple of growing seasons. Using a glyphosate based weed killer or installing mulch matting and bark chips will aid in this. Do not simply mow the grass around the area as this will only encourage it to grow more vigorously. If you know your area is prone to rabbits, we would advise using a rabbit guard.
Nyssa trees do not require regular pruning. If you wish to tidy up your Nyssa tree, do this during the dormant season. Focus on removing any damaged, diseased or overcrowded branches. If you require a clear trunk, remove any side shoots to help raise the crown.
1 small tree (most trees under 1.5 metres in height) : £9.95 + vat
1 medium tree (most trees 1.5-2 metres in height) or 2-4 small trees: £11.95 + vat
2+ medium trees or 5+ small trees: £14.95 + vat
1-4 trees delivered by pallet to kerbside (inc. mature Japanese Maples): 24.95 + vat
Mature trees, pleached trees or orders too large for pallet: Cost is calculated in the checkout process and varies by postcode not quantity. Starts from £48 + vat.
The above prices exclude the Scottish Highlands, where delivery starts from £24.95 + vat and is calculated in the checkout process. Please note, we are unable to deliver outside of Mainland UK.
All trees are carefully packed by our experienced team and most are delivered within 3 weeks of placing the order, unless stated otherwise. There's no need to be in to receive your order and you can request where it is left via the checkout.
For pleached and mature trees (trees over 2.5m in height), there is a slightly longer timescale because we group orders together by geographic area for specialist delivery - we will contact these customers about the delivery date.
Trees on pre-order are still growing and an estimate of when they will be ready is on the product/basket page. Orders are despatched once all trees are ready.
Gift trees and those required by a specific date can be accommodated with pleasure, although we accept no legal responsibility for late deliveries.
Our nursery is a busy despatch centre, so please make an appointment to collect or view trees. For collections, despatch charges will be refunded.
The product table at the bottom of the page gives the forms and sizes available for this variety. Please note, photos are a guideline as all plants are unique. Below are definitions of terms:
Supplied Size: Height measured from the top of the pot.
Single Stem / Pruned and shaped: Classic shaped tree with a single stem that has had pruning to help create a beautiful, natural shape.
Top grafted: A height noted next to this form refers to the length of clear stem, which will not grow taller. Only the head of branches will develop. Top grafted trees do not require complicated pruning and are ideal for small spaces.
Feathered: A feathered tree has branches from the bottom of the trunk all the way up. These branches can be removed if a clear stem is required.
Multi Stem: A multi stem tree has two or more stems arising from or near ground level, growing from one root system.
Bush: A plant with many stems low down, rather than one clear stem.
Clump: Several plants in one pot that can give the appearance of a multi stemmed and very bushy tree.
Climber: A plant that is a natural climber and will be delivered usually running up a bamboo cane, ready to position in the garden.
Standard Tree: A more mature tree with an upright clear stem of approximately 1.8m-2.0m (measured from the soil to the lowest branches of the crown). Standards are available in different forms relating to their girth size (circumference of the stem measured 1m above soil level), not height:
Standard either 6-10cm or 8-10cm girth, approximately 2.5-3.0m in height
Premium Standard 10-12cm girth, approximately 3.0-3.5m in height
Heavy Standard 12-14cm girth, approximately 3.5-4.5m in height
Extra Heavy Standard 14-16cm girth approximately 4.0-6m in height
|Plant Specification||Form||Supplied Size||Root type||Price||Quantity Qty|
|Heavy Standard Tree, 12-14cm girth||approx 3.5-4.5m||45L pot||£329.00 (ex VAT)|