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Monkey Puzzle Tree

Araucaria araucana
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  • £53.99 (inc VAT)

The Monkey Puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana) is a distinctive, almost symmetrical looking tree with sharply pointed, leathery leaves (don't touch them without tough gloves on - we speak from experience!). This unique evergreen coniferous tree was given its common name ‘Monkey-puzzle’ when it was suggested that it would puzzle a monkey to climb it.

Araucaria araucana is very slow growing and will reach just 6 x 4 metres in 20 years creating a pyramidal shape. The leaves are so long lasting that sometimes the same leaf is held on the tree for 10 years or more Due to its eventual size, Monkey Puzzle trees are best suited to medium or larger gardens as a specimen tree. Extremely hardy and tolerant of even exposed coastal positions this tree will do well in any well drained soil in sun or part shade.

Female cones release edible nut like seeds (like large pine nuts) and is a food crop in Chile, although trees do not produce nut crops until mature (maybe 30 years old). Originating in central/southern Chile and western Argentina, this tree is also sometimes known as Chilean Pine (originally named Pinus araucana after the native Chileans who used the nuts as a main component of their diet).

  • Common name: Monkey Puzzle tree
  • Height and spread in 20 years: 6 x 4 metres
  • Seasons of interest: Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter
  • Origin: Central/southern Chile and western Argentina
  • Foliage: Evergreen, scale-like leaves
  • Soil: Best suited to moist but well-drained sites and all soil types except for chalky

Interesting facts: the first saplings were brought to the UK in 1795 - the seeds were served as a dessert at a dinner hosted by the Governor of Chile and instead of eating them, Archibald Menzies a plant collector, planted them on the ship, Discovery, and by the time the ship returned to the UK, the saplings were ready to be planted out at Kew Gardens.

Planting Advice for Araucaria araucana Trees

Our pot grown Monkey Puzzle trees can be planted at any time of the year. Start by removing all weeds and grass within a metre of your desired planting hole. Dig a square hole as deep as your root mass and approximately 2x as wide. To help Monkey Puzzle tree establish more effectively, we advise applying root grow by sprinkling in the hole in the hole for pot grown trees.

Gently loosen the tree roots and place into the planting hole. If your soil is poor, mix 50% of the original soil with 50% high quality compost, fill in the hole and firm around gently. Make sure not to bank the soil up around the collar of the tree as this can cause problems.

We advise planting young trees with a stake and tie kit. To see how to use a tree stake and tie, watch our informational how to videos.

Aftercare Advice for Araucaria araucana Trees

If you’re planting in spring or summer, water well and regularly for the first few months. Make sure to keep an eye on young Monkey Puzzle trees and increase watering if there are extended periods of hot or dry weather. If you’re planting in autumn, you may only need to water your tree a little. We also stock a range of irrigation kits, suitable for a variety of planting schemes.

Once planted, keep the area free of competing weeds and grass for the first couple of growing seasons. Using a glyphosate based weed killer or installing mulch matting and bark chips will aid in this. Do not simply mow the grass around the area as this will only encourage it to grow more vigorously. If you know your area is prone to rabbits, we would advise using a rabbit guard.

Pruning Araucaria araucana Trees

Chilean Pine trees do not require a lot of pruning. Simply remove any dead, diseased or awkwardly placed branches from your Araucaria Araucana tree as and when you see them.

Delivery Timescales

Most deliveries are made within a week of placing the order. All trees are carefully packed by our experienced team, with many despatched to our tried and tested couriers within 24 hours (please allow up to 10 days). There's no need to be in to receive your trees and you can request where they are left via the checkout.

There is a slightly longer timescale on pleached and mature trees (trees over 2.5m in height) because we group orders together by geographic area for specialist delivery - we will contact these customers to notify them of the delivery date and whether the delivery driver needs assistance.

Gift trees and those required by a specific date can be accommodated with pleasure, although we accept no legal responsibility for late deliveries.

Our nursery is a busy despatch centre, so please make an appointment to collect or view trees.  For collections, despatch charges will be refunded.

Delivery Costs

1 small tree (most trees with a height under 1.5 metres) : £7.95 + vat

1 medium tree (most trees 1.5-2 metres in height) or 2-4 small trees: £9.95 + vat

2+ medium trees or 5+ small trees: £12.95 + vat

1-4 large trees (trees too large to fit in a box): £19.95 + vat

Mature, pleached or 5+ large trees: Cost is calculated in the checkout process and varies by postcode. You can buy additional trees with no increase in delivery cost.

The above prices exclude the Scottish Highlands, where delivery starts from £24.95 + vat and is calculated in the checkout process.

Northern Ireland, Channel Islands and Non Mainland UK

Our courier charges are not viable for just one or two trees, but if you have a larger requirement then please do speak to us to see if we can find a solution.

Below are definitions of various forms, which refer to the shape of the tree defined by the pruning it has received. For more advice, please contact us.

Single Stem / Pruned and shaped: Classic shaped tree with a single stem that has had pruning to help create a beautiful, natural shape.

Top grafted: A height noted next to this form refers to the length of clear stem, which will not grow taller. Only the head of branches will develop. Top grafted trees do not require complicated pruning and are ideal for small spaces.

Multi Stem: A multi stem tree is has two or more stems arising from or near ground level, growing from one root system. Take care to buy a true multi-stem like all ours and not those that are 3 saplings in a pot to cheaply imitate them.

Feathered: A feathered tree has branches from the bottom of the trunk all the way up. These branches can be removed if a clear stem is required.

Bush: A plant with many stems low down, rather than one clear stem.

Climber: A plant that is a natural climber and will be delivered usually running up a bamboo cane, ready to position in the garden.

Standard Tree: A more mature tree with an upright clear stem of approximately 1.8m-2.0m (measured from the soil to the lowest branch), which supports a branched crown. Standards are available in different forms relating to their girth size (circumference of the stem measured 1m above soil level), not height.

Standard  either 6-10cm or 8-10cm girth, approximately 2.5-3.0m in height
Premium Standard  10-12cm girth, approximately 3.0-3.5m in height
Heavy Standard  12-14cm girth, approximately 3.5-4.5m in height
Extra Heavy Standard 14-16cm girth approximately 4.0-6m in height

The table below gives sizes and forms available for this variety, along with photos you can enlarge (these are only a guideline as all plants are unique so vary).

Plant Specification Form Supplied Size Root typePrice Quantity Qty
Monkey Puzzle Tree Form: Pruned & Shaped Tree Supplied Size: 40-60cm Root type: 5L pot Monkey Puzzle Tree Price £53.99 (inc VAT)
Pruned & Shaped Tree 40-60cm 5L pot £53.99 (inc VAT)
1
Total: £0.00 (VAT Free)
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