Juniper trees are known for their berries, which are sometimes used as spices or for essential oils. Juniper are all evergreen but vary greatly in appearance, from upright trees to low growing bushes available in various colours. The varieties here are all small enough to suit any size of garden, with some even being suitable to grow in a pot.
There are over 60 species of Juniperus, originating from the Arctic through to Africa and Central America. Juniperus communis is native to the UK, but ornamental varieties are popular in gardens. They add year-round texture and colour, with awl-like or scale-like conifer needles in shades of blue, green and golden yellow. Berries are typically blue but vary between varieties. They are produced on female trees, whereas male trees typically produce small pollen cones with a catkin-like appearance.
Upright or columnar Juniper trees are ideal for screening, narrower spaces and creating a focal point in any garden or landscaped area. Juniperus scopulorum 'Blue Arrow' is favoured for its narrow form with vivid blue foliage.
Low spreading Juniper bushes won't reach much more than 1m in height and are perfect for growing in areas where ground cover is wanted or space is restricted (their width can easily be pruned). Popular colourful varieties are Juniperus horizontalis 'Lime Glow' and Juniperus squamata 'Blue Carpet'.
Juniper trees require minimal attention and are easy to grow, but do avoid wet soil. They are hardy throughout the UK with many varieties tolerating urban pollution, exposed positions and drought.