Beech or Fagus, to use its Latin name is a genus of deciduous trees. Beech trees grow in a range of soil types, except for waterlogged soils. The leaf canopy casts an attractive but dense shade so only plants tolerant of full shade will grow at the base of beech trees.
Beech trees are monoecious, meaning that their male and female reproductive parts are on the same plant. The male flowers are wind pollinating catkins. Fagus trees produce edible nuts, called beechmast or beechnuts, however they are very bitter. Some say that the Neolithic tribes introduced beech trees to Europe because of the edible nuts.
The bark of Beech trees is very thin and quite delicate. As it does not have the ability to heal itself, markings and carvings will remain in the bark for many years. Beech trees are the likely recipient of initials and other forms of graffiti.
Fagus sylvatica (European beech) is a popular choice for ornamental trees with varieties ranging in form and foliage colour. Ornamental Tree Nurseries have a wonderful selection of ornamental beech trees, including weeping beech trees and gold, purple or green foliage. For the full range of weeping ornamental trees, click here.
The Fagus tree is popularly used for avenue planting, especially in urban settings, where they create an attractive shaded passage.
Beech is also a common choice for hedging purposes, with the longest and tallest hedge in the world made from Beech. The Meikleour Beech hedge in Scotland was planted in 1745 and can be seen year round on the A93 Perth-Blairgowrie road.
For more information on ornamental trees and our range of Beech trees for sale, please contact our knowledgeable Sales and Service team.