Spruce or Picea is a genus of 35 evergreen species, and part of the Pinacaea family. It is thought that the name originally derived from the local pronunciation of the word "Prussia" or "Prusy", a historical region which is today part of Poland. Prusy was a general term for the goods brought to England from Prussia by Hanseatic merchants; amongst the imported items of the times were Spruce trees as we know them today.
Features of Picea conifers
Spruce for every garden
Our selection of Spruce trees are great for providing year-round interest and structure, whether planted as part of a border, as a foil for other specimens or as a small feature tree to be situated on a patio or rockery. All of our ornamental Picea conifers are relatively small-scale and so are ideal for planting in areas with restricted space, and will fare will fare well when grown in a pot or planter. We have a variety of colours to suit a range of planting schemes; if you are looking to create and impact with colour, consider the striking vivid tones of the Blue Spruce, or if you're after something a little more traditional, one of our White Spruce will do just the trick. They look particularly attractive when the lower branches are permitted to skirt the tree to the ground with a mulch underneath, rather than a cleaned up trunk.
Mostly they are found growing on mountain sides or on wet plains in East Asia so that gives an indication that they do well in similar conditions in the UK where they mostly like acidic, damp but well drained soils, ideally in areas of high rainfall. Picea pungens particularly likes cold conditions.
The Norwegian Spruce (Picea abies) is the traditional Christmas tree, introduced to the UK for that purpose by Prince Albert replaced in recent years by the Nordmann Fir.
Uses of Spruce