Apple trees are the most widely cultivated fruit trees and Ornamental trees has a large selection of both eating and cooking varieties. Apple trees are part of the Rosaceae family, also known by the Latin name, Malus domestica.
Apple trees are native to Central Asia and there are now more than 7,500 known cultivatars of apples. In 2010, an estimated 69 million tonnes of apples were grown worldwide, with almost half of these being produced in China.
Apples often appear in religious/cultural traditions and mythical stories as a magical or forbidden fruit.
Some apple trees are self-fertile whereas others require a pollination partner to produce fruit. Family trees are an alternative option for smaller gardens when there is only space for one tree. Family apple trees produce more than one variety on the same tree, therefore, making them self-fertile.
Apple trees produce fruit from late summer to early autumn and are available in pot-grown form for planting year round. The final height and spread depends on the variety, as does the preferred exposure and soil type, however all apple trees require at least one pruning every year to encourage a good crop.